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菩提树 Ficus religiosa Linnaeus

目前为止,中国西南野生生物种质资源库共保藏该物种: 种子1份; DNA材料2份;

  • 科:桑科    Moraceae
  • 属:榕属   Ficus
  • 种:菩提树   Ficus religiosa

1志书描述

6. Ficus religiosa Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 1059. 1753. 菩提树 pu ti shu Urostigma religiosum (Linnaeus) Gasparrini.Trees, 15-25 m tall, d.b.h. 30-50 cm, epiphytic when young, crown wide when mature. Bark gray, smooth or longitudinally ± fissured. Branchlets grayish brown, sparsely pubescent when young. Stipules ovate, small, apex acute. Petiole slender, as long as or longer than leaf blade, articulate; leaf blade triangular-ovate, 9-17 × 8-12 cm, leathery, abaxially green, adaxially dark green and shiny, base broadly cuneate to ± cordate, margin entire or undulate, apex acute to caudate with a 2-5 cm cauda; basal lateral veins 2, secondary veins 5-7 on each side of midvein. Figs axillary on leafy branchlets, paired or solitary, red when mature, globose to depressed globose, 1-1.5 cm in diam., smooth; peduncle 4-9 mm; involucral bracts ovate. Male, gall, and female flowers within same fig. Male flowers: few, near apical pore, sessile; calyx 2- or 3-lobed, margin revolute; stamen 1; filament short. Gall flowers: pedicellate; calyx 3- or 4-lobed; ovary globose, smooth; style short; stigma enlarged, 2-lobed. Female flowers: sessile; calyx 4-lobed, broadly lanceolate; ovary globose, smooth; style thin; stigma narrow. Fl. Mar-Apr, fr. May-Jun.Cultivated. Guangdong, Guangxi, S Yunnan [native to N India, Nepal, and Pakistan; cultivated throughout the tropics].【引自:Flora of China】

大乔木,幼时附生于其他树上,高达15-25米,胸径30-50厘米;树皮灰色,平 滑或微具纵纹,冠幅广展;小枝灰褐色,幼时被微柔毛。叶革质,三角状卵形,长9-17 厘米,宽8-12厘米,表面深绿色,光亮,背面绿色,先端骤尖,顶部延伸为尾状,尾 尖长2-5厘米,基部宽截形至浅心形,全缘或为波状,基生叶脉三出,侧脉5-7对;叶 柄纤细,有关节,与叶片等长或长于叶片;托叶小,卵形,先端急尖。榕果球形至扁球 形,直径1-1.5厘米,成熟时红色,光滑;基生苞片3,卵圆形;总梗长约4-9毫米; 雄花,瘿花和雌花生于同一榕果内壁;雄花少,生于近口部,无柄,花被2-3裂,内卷, 雄蕊1枚,花丝短;瘿花具柄,花被3-4裂,子房光滑,球形,花柱短,柱头膨大,2 裂;雌花无柄,花被片4,宽披针形,子房光滑,球形。花柱纤细,柱头狭窄。花期3- 4月,果期5-6月。 【引自:中国植物志】

2分布信息

采集编号 国家 区县 详情
SunXX121 中国 云南省 保山市 龙陵县 详细

3种子保藏信息

采集编号 采集单位 项目 采集年份 重量(g) 详情
SunXX121 云南省龙陵县林业局 保护区合作 2016 详细
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  • 创建者:种质资源库
  • 最近更新:2022年11月27日