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厚朴 Houpoёa officinalis (Rehder & E. H. Wilson) N. H. Xia & C. Y. Wu

目前为止,中国西南野生生物种质资源库共保藏该物种: 种子2份; DNA材料8份; DNA6份;

  • 科:木兰科    Magnoliaceae
  • 属:厚朴属   Houpoёa
  • 种:厚朴   Houpoёa officinalis

1志书描述

2. Houpo?a officinalis (Rehder & E. H. Wilson) N. H. Xia & C. Y. Wu, Fl. China. 7: 65. 2008. 厚朴 hou po Basionym: Magnolia officinalis Rehder & E. H. Wilson in Sargent, Pl. Wilson. 1: 391. 1913; M. cathayana D. L. Fu & T. B. Chao; M. officinalis subsp. biloba (Rehder & E. H. Wilson) Y. W. Law; M. officinalis var. biloba Rehder & E. H. Wilson; M. officinalis var. glabra D. L. Fu et al.; M. officinalis var. pubescens C. Y. Deng.Trees, to 20 m tall. Bark brown, thick, not fissured. Twigs pale yellow to grayish yellow, thick and strong, sericeous at first; terminal buds ovoid-conical, large, glabrous. Stipular scar ca. 2/3 as long as petiole. Petiole thick and strong, 2.5-4 cm. Leaves 7-9 clustered on twig apex; leaf blade oblong-obovate, 22-45 × 10-24 cm, nearly leathery, abaxially grayish green, glaucous, and gray villous, adaxially green and glabrous, base cuneate, margin entire or slightly wavy, apex shortly acute, obtuse, emarginate, or sometimes 2-lobed. Peduncle short and thick, villous; bract scar ca. 1 cm basal to tepals. Flowers 10-15 cm in diam., fragrant. Tepals 9-12(-17), white, thickly fleshy; outer 3 tepals pale green, oblong-obovate, 8-10 × 4-5 cm, usually reflexed at anthesis; tepals of inner 2 whorls obovate-spoon-shaped, 8-8.5 × 3-4.5 cm, base clawed; inner tepals 7-8.5 cm, erect at anthesis. Stamens numerous, 2-3 cm; filaments red, 4-12 mm; anthers 1.2-1.5 cm, dehiscing introrsely. Gynoecium ellipsoid-ovoid, 2.5-3 cm. Fruit ellipsoid-ovoid, 9-15 cm; mature carpels with a 3-4 mm beak. Seeds triangular-obovoid, ca. 1 cm. Fl. May-Jun, fr. Aug-Oct. 2n = 38*.● Forests; 300-1500 m. Anhui, Fujian, SE Gansu, N Guangdong, Guangxi, NE Guizhou, SE Henan, W Hubei, NW Hunan, Jiangxi, S Shaanxi, E and S Sichuan, Zhejiang.This species is grown as an ornamental. It is used medicinally and for timber.【引自:Flora of China】

2分布信息

采集编号 国家 区县 详情
ZXX18508 中国 安徽省 安庆市 岳西县 详细
13CS6467 中国 西藏自治区 林芝地区 墨脱县 详细
ZhangYW0143 中国 贵州省 黔南布依族苗族自治州 荔波县 详细
LiuRL005 中国 江西省 吉安市 井冈山市 详细

3种子保藏信息

采集编号 采集单位 项目 采集年份 重量(g) 详情
ZhangYW0143 贵州省生物研究所 高校合作 2012 详细
LiuRL005 赣南师范学院 高校合作 2010 详细

4DNA样品信息

序列号 采集编号 保藏类型 份数 保藏温度 提取方法 数据来源
33482 13CS6467 DNA 2 -80℃ 改良CTAB法 DNA库
39760 LiuRL005 DNA 4 -80℃ 改良CTAB法 DNA库
  • 数据统计

  • 浏览次数:288次
  • 创建者:种质资源库
  • 最近更新:2022年12月5日